Congressmembers Urge Department of Defense to Support Making Hazing a Crime
Washington, D.C. – Today, Congresswoman Judy Chu (CA-32), along with several other Representatives, sent a letter to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense urging them to support a specific anti-hazing statute in the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Over the last few years, several shocking cases of military hazing have occurred throughout the armed services. This includes the hazing of Army Private Danny Chen, who tragically died 1 year ago on October 3rd after enduring weeks of physical and verbal hazing. In April 2011, the Congresswoman’s nephew, Marine Lance Corporal Harry Lew, took his own life in a foxhole shortly after being hazed and abused for several hours. After sending the letter, Congresswoman Chu released the following statement:
“Nearly 1 year after Danny’s hazing death, we still have so much work left to do. We know what happened to Danny and my nephew Harry are not isolated incidents. For the sake of our service members, we must ensure there is a real deterrent against hazing and real justice for victims. Forty-four states have anti-hazing laws and 31 states define hazing as a crime in their criminal codes. But in the military, hazing isn’t a crime. Sadly, month after month, new military hazing stories continue to surface. We cannot wait to protect our servicemembers from hazing. A new anti-hazing law in the Uniform Code of Military Justice would make it clear that hazing has no place in our military. On this somber anniversary, my heart goes out to Danny Chen’s family and loved ones. After losing my nephew Harry in similar and tragic circumstances, I know this is a difficult time for them.”
Earlier this year in a Congressional hearing, representatives from the Marine Corps and the Army expressed interest in creating a specific anti-hazing statute. The House of Representatives passed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (H.R. 4310) with a provision requested by Rep. Chu asking the Department of Defense submit recommendations for an anti-hazing statute. However, the Senate has yet to pass the bill. This letter sent by Congresswoman Chu calls on the Department of Defense’s General Counsel to support a specific anti-hazing statute to better protect our men and women in uniform. Sens. Boxer, Feinstein and Gillibrand sent a similar letter today as well.
The letter sent by Rep. Chu and other Congressmembers is below:
October 2, 2012
Jeh C. Johnson
General Counsel of the Department of Defense
1600 Defense Pentagon
Washington, DC 20301-1600
Dear Mr. Johnson:
We write today to urge you to issue recommendations to Congress on the inclusion of an anti-hazing statute in the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). We strongly believe that adding a specific anti-hazing statute in military criminal law would not only reinforce the fact that hazing has no place in America’s military, but would enable the Department of Defense to better track and respond to hazing across the services while sending an unequivocal message that it will be met with serious consequences should it occur.
Over the last few years, there have been several shocking cases of hazing across the Armed Services. In 2010, Army Spc. Brushaun Anderson committed suicide in a portable toilet after enduring physical and emotional hazing because of his physical appearance. In April 2011, Marine Lance Corporal Harry Lew, committed suicide in a foxhole after hours of physical abuse. In June 2011, seven Coast Guardsmen were convicted for tying down fellow crew members, forcing them to strip, coating them in foreign substances and calling them derogatory names. In October 2011, Private Danny Chen was found dead apparently of a self-inflicted wound after enduring weeks of physical and verbal hazing. Eight soldiers have been charged for their participation in his abuse. And month after month new military hazing stories continue to surface in the press.
While these incidents may seem isolated to some, our inquiries into the military’s hazing policies raised concerns about the lack of focus on preventing hazing in the services and have highlighted serious gaps in hazing policies. So on March 22, 2012, the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Military Personnel held a hearing entitled “Hazing in the Military.” In the hearing both the representatives from the Marine Corps and the Army expressed interest in creating a statutory definition of hazing in the UCMJ. They implied that this would make it easier for them to track, and thus prevent, hazing incidents.
As you may know, there is strong precedent for an anti-hazing statute under the civilian judicial system. Currently, 44 states have anti-hazing laws and 31 states define hazing as a crime in their criminal codes. In fact, some of these states, including California and Florida, have gone a step further—allowing for felony prosecutions in the most serious instances of hazing.
On June 19, 2012, the House of Representatives passed the FY 2013 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4310). This legislation included provisions under Section 535 to prevent and respond to hazing incidents involving members of the armed forces. One of the provisions asks the Department of Defense to submit “recommendations for changes to the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Manual for Courts-Martial as the Secretaries consider necessary to improve the prosecution of hazing incidents.” While we appreciate the inclusion of this language in the House bill, time is of the essence and the Department should begin to act now by recommending critical changes to the UCMJ.
Hazing has no place in our military. It undermines our military readiness, threatens unit cohesion, risks the lives and well being of our men and women in uniform and deeply scars those volunteers forced to endure it. To forcefully and effectively address hazing incidents and eliminate the practice of hazing, we ask that you recommend to Congress that the UCMJ be updated to include an anti-hazing statute. Any such statute should include a clear, comprehensive definition of hazing that addresses the physical, mental, and emotional trauma that can be incurred by victims. This would provide a strong disincentive against hazing, be an important tool to prosecute perpetrators, and make it easier for the Department of Defense, and each service, to more accurately track and comprehensively respond to hazing throughout the Armed Forces.
We owe it to the brave men and women of our armed services to act immediately to protect them from humiliation and abuse. They sacrifice so much to keep us safe; they deserve the same in return.
Thank you for your consideration of this important request. We look forward to your prompt response.
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JUDY CHU ELIJAH CUMMINGS MIKE HONDA
Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress
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GRACE NAPOLITANO ZOE LOFGREN GREGORIO SABLAN
Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress
Member of Congress